eSafety Forum Digital Map Working Group
The eSafety Forum is a joint platform involving all road traffic safety stakeholders. As part of the eSafety Forum initiatives, the Digital Maps Working Group has the purpose to coordinate activities concerning road traffic safety related elements of digital map databases, and to join relevant stakeholders such as digital map providers, automotive industry, public authorities, user organisations, safety authorities, road operators, universities and research institutes. It has published its Final Report in November 2005. The main recommendation to develop a closer cooperation between public and road authorities and map providers for the provision and maintenance of road safety attributes is composed of three phases:
o Phase 1 – "COOPERATION": Supply of safety attributes in the form that they are currently available at public authorities.
o Phase 2 – "QUALITY ASSURANCE”: Standardisation of information provision and output quality testing.
o Phase 3 – "OPTIMISATION": Standardisation of transfer format and transfer media and optimisation of the transfer process.
MAPS&ADAS (Part of PReVENT Integrated Project, FP6 DG INFSO)
The MAPS&ADAS project is addressing the issue of the provision of safety-related attrib-utes. Based on driver assistance application requirements, MAPS&ADAS has identified a priority list of road attributes that has been reviewed and consolidated by the MAPS&ADAS Public Authorities Consultation Platform (see Table 1). Public authorities are considered as the preferred source for such information, but current practices and procedures for registra-tion of status of, and changes in road geometry and road attributes differ widely across Europe.
Results from data sourcing and certification & business model activities clearly indicate the need for a close cooperation between public authorities and map providers for safety attrib-utes that require frequent updates (e.g. speed limits, traffic signs) by mean of an adapted exchange infrastructure in order to ensure the data quality and the commercial feasibility.
SpeedAlert (DG TREN feasibility study)
A speed limit information and warning system is considered by the eSafety Initiative and also by a majority of Member States as one of the promising applications for contributing to road traffic safety and mobility. One of the recommendations of the SpeedAlert project addresses the crucial need to ensure procurement of European-wide and up-to-date speed limit infor-mation:
“Assess technical and economical feasibility of speed limit data collection and maintenance throughout Europe taking into consideration national/local differences (existing infrastructure, organi-sation, actors, decision-making process, legal aspects)”
Based on consensus with public and private sector actors, the SpeedAlert Forum’s overall objective is to be the driving force in supporting and promoting European-wide implementation of in-vehicle speed alert applications.
EU-sponsored INSPIRE initiative
The INSPIRE directive published in the Official Journal on 25th April 2007 provides a legal framework for the establishment and operation of a geographical information infrastructure in Europe. Its purpose is twofold: First, to make top-quality geographical data available at all levels across the European Union, in order to better implement community policies; and, second, to give the public access to the information. The target application areas include transportation.
EuroRoadS (eContent project, DG INFSO)
EuroRoadS has laid the ground for a pan-European standardised, seamless, updated, and quality assured digital road data infrastructure by defining a specification framework for the exchange of road data. The project will consider EuroRoadS results in its implementation in order to deliver quality assured digital road data relating to road safety to map providers in a standardised and seamless way. The quality framework developed in EuroRoadS is a key input for quality assurance in ROSATTE.
ActMAP Incremental map update (DG INFSO)
ActMAP has developed, tested and validated standardised mechanisms to update existing map database content and enable dynamic attachment of information to the digital in-vehicle map. These mechanisms represent an important milestone for the ubiquitous availability of future location-based information and the quality of the map databases for future in-vehicle applications. However, it is unlikely that future mechanisms for providing incremental up-dates to the in-vehicle map database will use the format specified by ActMAP.
FeedMAP (DG INFSO)
In addition to the surveys, mapmakers rely on road authorities and user feedback to detect the latest changes in the road network. The FeedMAP project will study the commercial and technical feasibility of map deviation feedback. In order to improve the flow of user map feedback, the FeedMAP concept uses all vehicles equipped with a digital map for deviation detection, i.e. to check if the maps are indeed accurate and complete. The project is devel-oping a framework that will detect map anomalies when cars happen to come across a faulty map attribute and that will quickly update the maps of all other vehicles using a standardised mechanism for delivering incremental map updates as developed in the ActMAP project.
AGORA project and follow up
The AGORA project (2000-2002) developed a method for map-based location referencing, i.e. without pre-coding and the use of location tables. In a follow-up activity, which was later adopted by the German Mobile Info project, this method was further developed to what is called the AGORA-C method. AGORA-C is currently in the process of becoming an ISO standard.
The ADASIS Forum was launched by ERTICO in order to address the interface specifications necessary for the information exchange of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS).
CEDR (Conference of European Directors of Roads)
The purpose of co-operation at European level is to facilitate the exchange of experience and information and to analyse and discuss all road-related issues, especially infrastructure, infrastructure management, traffic and transport, financing, legal and economic problems, safety, environment, and research in all of these areas.
ASECAP is the European professional Association of operators of toll road infrastructures. ASECAP's mission is to promote toll as the most efficient tool to finance the construction, operation and maintenance of motorways and other major road infrastructures.
Polis is a network of leading European cities and regions working together to develop innovative technologies and policies for local transport.